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Wednesday, March 13, 2013

New toy - logic analyzer

Kicking myself that I didn't buy this logic analyzer weeks ago. Got bogged down in debugging my Propeller assembly language (PASM) code and my first attempt at making debugging easier was to write yet more code which ran in a separate cog and which flashed LED's when the code would run past a certain point. Fine for slow code, but I needed something which could deal with the Propeller running at full speed.

First thing I bought was a DSO Nano single channel oscilloscope; very nice little toy an small enough that I can slip it into my pocket but not fast enough for debugging 20 MIPS Propeller code. Then it struck me that a logic analyzer would be the thing to get. A bit reticent given the $150 price tag of the Saleae 8 channel 24 MHz logic analyzer, but ordered it from Sparkfun a couple of days ago and picked it up at my office today. Rarely have I been as impressed with a new toy. It's a tiny little thing, the square metal box with all the colored wires coming out of it on the bottom left of the photo.

The Propeller board is connected to a bank of LED's which was my first debugging tool. What amazes me about microprocessor development nowadays is how tiny all the pieces are and I can easily use my already overcrowded desk for development instead of needing a large bench area for my test equipment. 

One of the most frustrating bits of debugging I was doing was trying to get code working to produce two offset 1 msec pulses which will be used to drive the red and IR LED's of the pulse oximeter portion of my ambulatory physiologic monitor (APM). This is a trivial bit of code but, when coding in PASM, often stupid errors are hard to find unless one is thinking like an assembler which, when I start to think that way I can't seem to do medicine because everything is so illogical and fuzzy. 5 minutes after I had the item out of the box, I hooked it up to Propeller pins 0 to 7 while the software was downloaded from the Saleae site. Then, once I captured my first signal, I had the problem solved. A quick rewrite of the code and the satisfying picture below appeared:

The clock pulse displayed is a half-speed system clock which still needs some tweaking as the period should be 2.000 msec, not 2.006 msec. One can clearly see the LED drive waveforms on Channel 6 and Pin7. That's the way they're supposed to look and, because they came out inverted when I first made the changes, found yet another bug in my code.

Below is a magnified view of the clock pulse and a precise measurement of how long it takes the clock cog to go from generating the debug clock pulse on pin0 to get to the PulseOx driver code.

 A

All of the in-between code from the primary clock loop, the RTC and Polar HR monitor pulse detection takes 1.8333 microseconds to execute.

Needless to say I'm thrilled with my new toy and would highly recommend it to anyone who needs a logic analyzer that deals with moderate speed digital circuits. People on the Sparkfun site are grumbling that it doesn't do 50 MHz SPI connection debugging, but I bit bang all of my SPI protocols on the the Propeller and so will be easily able to decode them with this logic analyzer. Conclusion: well worth the money and should have invested in some diagnostic tools earlier than trying to emulate PASM in my wetware -- works for small bits of code but this logic analyzer rocks.

Posted by Boris Gimbarzevsky at 9:35 PM
Categories: Embedded systems, Propeller Projects